Health & Fitness

Why do we feel burning sensation and pain during urination?

Most adults can relate to having felt a burning sensation while urinating once in a while. However, only a bunch of adults can relate to having this experience more often. Burning sensation or pain during urination is mostly a sign of some underlying urinary concern. In this article, Dr. Shalabh Agrawal, the best urologist in Gurgaon discusses the various conditions associated with pain and burning while urinating.

Dr. Shalabh Agrawal can be consulted at the CK Birla Hospital, a leading Urology hospital in Gurgaon.

What is meant by pain and burning sensation while urination?

The sensation of burning or painful urination is medically known as dysuria. Dysuria can happen during or after you urinate. It is mostly regarded as a symptom of some other urinary condition.

This sensation is most commonly experienced by women as compared to men.

Which conditions cause burning and pain during urination?

This symptom is attributed to several urinary or bladder conditions. Some of the common causes are:

Urinary tract infection (UTI): UTI is the most common condition leading to painful urination. Most patients display dysuria first which leads to the diagnosis of UTI.

A urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection that develops in one of the organs of the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes kidneys, bladder, ureter, and urethra.

Urinary stones: Stones in the bladder or kidney can also cause a burning sensation while urinating. A urinary stone leads to inflammation of the urinary tract causing dysuria.

Sexual activity: Sometimes, you may experience painful urination after sexual activity. It happens when the genital area experiences some form of inflammation or irritation.

Menopause transition: When a woman shifts from menstruation to menopause, she may go through a range of changes. Some of the vaginal changes can trigger a burning sensation and pain after urination.

Sexually transmitted infections: STIs also often display as burning sensation during urination.

Interstitial cystitis: Interstitial cystitis is a medical condition that causes long-term inflammation of the bladder. Painful urination is often the first sign of this condition.

Use of products on genital area: Heavily scented or cosmetic products can lead to several urinating issues including dysuria.

Activities like horseback riding: People who engage in strenuous activities such as horseback riding or bicycling also undergo dysuria as a result of extra pressure.

You can learn more about these conditions from Dr. Shalabh Agrawal, the best urologist in Gurgaon.

How is painful urination treated?

As you would now know, painful urination is a symptom. Your healthcare provider will treat the cause of this symptom.

The accurate identification of the condition that is causing dysuria is important. Your urologist will indicate a variety of tests and screenings to diagnose the ailment.

Some of the common tests recommended when you feel painful urination are:

Preliminary investigations: Your urologist will discuss your symptoms in detail. He/she will ask you questions such as the frequency of urination, the strength and flow of the urine stream, and the period for which you have been feeling this sensation.

Physical check: Your doctor will do a regular body checkup to assess your overall health. He/she will check your fever, abnormal discharge, bladder health, and more.

Your doctor may indicate ultrasounds, blood tests, urine testing, and urinary flow tests if required.

Based on your diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe relevant treatment to offer relief. Every condition (UTI, kidney stones, interstitial cystitis, and others) has a separate remedial protocol.

How can I prevent painful urination?

Pain or burning sensation during or after urination can be prevented by some basic lifestyle moderations.

  • You should stay hydrated at all times
  • Avoid using cosmetic or scented products on genitals
  • Do not eat specific food products that cause bladder inflammation
  • Limit your consumption of caffeine

For more information, book an appointment with Dr. Shalabh Agrawal, the best urologist in Gurgaon.

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