Midges in front of the eyes is an ailment that can be a symptom of many diseases, not only the eye. Therefore, people who complain of spots in front of their eyes may need the help of a group of specialists: an internist, ophthalmologist, diabetic, as well as a neurologist and a cardiologist. Read or listen to and find out what disease manifests itself in scotomas in front of your eyes. What is the reason why flying midges appear in the field of view? Yoga pose like dhanurasana can help in treating midges issues efficiently.
Dark circles in front of the eyes are blurry, grey or black spots resembling flying flies, limited to a small area in the field of view. Dark spots appear before our eyes when we look at a bright, uniform background, e.g. a white wall, sheets of paper or a cloudless sky.
Usually, the scotomas appear singly, but if their number is greater, and they are additionally accompanied by small flashes of light inside the eye, there is cause for concern. You should also consider visiting an ophthalmologist when the scotomas do not change position or disappear after blinking without moving the eyeball. Check the symptoms of what disease may be spotted in front of your eyes. What are the reasons for the appearance of scotomas in front of the eyes?
Table of Contents
- Dark spots in front of the eyes: floaters in the vitreous body
- Dark spots in front of the eyes: retinal diseases
- Diabetic retinopathy Dark spots in front of the eyes
- Dark spots in front of the eyes: intraocular tumour
- Midges before the eyes: the presence of foreign bodies in the eye
- Midges before the eyes: diseases of the vitreous body
- Dark spots in front of the eyes: anaemia
- Migraine with aura
- Dark spots in front of the eyes: ocular hypertension
- Midges in front of my eyes after cataract surgery
- Dark spots before my eyes when getting up
- Midges in front of my eyes during pregnancy
Dark spots in front of the eyes: floaters in the vitreous body
In healthy people, the spots in front of the eyes can be caused by floaters in the vitreous body. As the years go by, the vitreous body (the part of the eye that is filled with the gel-like substance) contracts and disintegrates, and with it the millions of delicate collagen fibres. At the same time, the vitreous liquid becomes more liquid and the resulting debris can float more freely in it, changing the amount of light entering the retina.
Midges may appear in young people, but they are most often noticed by people between 50 and 75 years of age, especially if they are nearsighted or have undergone cataract surgery.
Dark spots in front of the eyes: retinal diseases
Detachment or rupture of the retina of the eye
When the retina of the eye breaks off or detaches from the choroid underneath, blood vessels are ruptured. This is when blood cells enter the vitreous, which are perceived as suddenly appearing scotomas in front of the eyes.
- Accompanying symptoms: Vision usually deteriorates when you bend down sharply or lift a load.
Inflammation of the eye’s retina
At the heart of this rare eye disease is inflammation that affects the arteries and/or veins of the retina.
- Accompanying symptoms: gradual deterioration of vision.
Dark spots in front of the eyes: diabetic retinopathy
In diabetic retinopathy, the scotoma in front of the eyes is caused by excessively high levels of glucose in the blood, which causes the blood vessels of the retina to dilate excessively and then damage their walls. As a consequence of hypoxia, the retina produces new pre-retinal vessels. However, they are very weak and break easily, disrupting the functioning of the entire eyeball.
In the initial stage, the disease shows no symptoms. Only in the advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy do scotomas appear in front of the eyes
- Accompanying symptoms: progressive decrease in visual acuity.
Dark spots in front of the eyes: intraocular tumour
The growing tumour presses against the vessels in the eyeball, thereby increasing intraocular pressure that can damage the optic nerve.
Accompanying symptoms: a person with eye cancer usually also struggles with the loss of visual acuity and eye pain. Patients may notice a change in the colour of the iris or the appearance of dark spots on it.
Midges before the eyes: the presence of foreign bodies in the eye
The fruit fly, fern or sand are the most common foreign bodies that enter the eye and disturb the field of vision. In this case, you cannot rub the eye, just rinse it with clean water or saline. Never remove the foreign body with a tissue, as it further irritates the eye.
Midges before the eyes: diseases of the vitreous body
Bleeding into the vitreous chamber
A head injury or excessive pressure on the eyeball can damage the blood vessels in the retina. Blood flows from the torn vessel and enters the vitreous. If blood particles are near the retina, they can be seen as scotomas. This is a harmless condition as the blood is usually self-absorbed.
The structure of the vitreous body changes with age: it shrinks and melts. Consequently, the anterior connection of the vitreous to the posterior lens capsule is lost. In people over 65, the back connection of the vitreous body and the retina often disappears. As the vitreous body contracts, it forms small pieces of tissue that appear in the field of view, giving the impression of scotomas that slowly fall down as the eye moves.
- Accompanying symptoms: flashes in the eye are very rare.
Sympathetic eye inflammation
Sympathetic eye inflammation is most often the result of a serious injury to this delicate organ.
- Associated symptoms: blurred vision, loss of eye accommodation, eye pain and photophobia.
Dark spots in front of the eyes: anaemia
Anaemia, both from iron deficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency, manifests itself in a complex of ailments characterized by general weakness.
- Associated symptoms: pale complexion, lack of appetite, shortness of breath, palpitations, drowsiness, tinnitus.
Dark spots in front of the eyes and headache: migraine with aura
A likely cause of a migraine aura is a decrease in blood flow to certain areas of the brain (including the part where the vision centre is located). Central nervous system symptoms, which are dominated by visual disturbances (especially flickering scotomas), increase over a few or several minutes and last for up to an hour.
Accompanying symptoms: flashes and zigzags in front of the eyes, defects in the field of vision, severe headache, which usually occurs an hour after the scotoma appears.
Dark spots in front of the eyes: ocular hypertension
We speak of ocular hypertension when increased intraocular pressure (over 21 mm Hg) does not damage the optic nerve. Ocular hypertension is not a disease, but a factor in the development of eye diseases, most often glaucoma (glaucoma occurs when the nerve is damaged with defects in the visual field).
The cause of ocular hypertension may be taking certain medications (mainly steroids), eye trauma, and too little or no fluid secretion from the eyes.
Midges in front of my eyes after cataract surgery
Midges after cataract surgery are usually a temporary symptom after surgery. In this way, the eyes can react to new vision conditions. When the eyes adjust to the new sharpness of the image, the discomfort disappears.
If the cataract was congenital, there is a risk that a bad image will develop in the eye prior to surgery. Congenital cataract surgery in adulthood may not help, and even after surgery, the patient may see a blurred image.
Dark spots before my eyes when getting up
If you get out of bed too abruptly after waking up, or if you sit up suddenly after sitting for several hours, spots may appear in front of your eyes as a result of a sudden drop in blood pressure (too little blood is flowing to the brain). Eat parsley to soothe midges symptoms.
Midges in front of my eyes during pregnancy
- Double vision, blurred vision, spots in front of the eyes, and visual impairment for more than 2 hours may be signs of pre-eclampsia. This is a condition manifested by high blood pressure. It is the cause of visual disturbances
- Dark spots in front of the eyes and the accompanying headache may indicate anaemia or a deficiency of magnesium or potassium
- If scotomas are not accompanied by a headache, low blood pressure is most likely responsible.
You should inform the doctor in charge of the pregnancy about these symptoms.